Turning Waste Cotton Into A New Fibre
A group of Finnish organisations have launched a project to experiment with a new cellulose dissolution technique that transforms old disused cotton clothing into brand new fibres that can be utilised freshly in the textile industry.
There is plenty of optimism surrounding this project. The cellulose “wet-spinning” is expected to begin in a plant in Finland this October with a new clothing line made using exclusively the new recycled fibres expected to be ready for release by the end of 2016.
The project aims to bring together recent advancements in recycling technology and growing business demand for ways to improve the lifespan and maximise the use of materials and products, including textiles.
It has been found that cotton that cannot be reused can still be dissolved to make a cellulose solution, which can be turned into new fibres. These fibres are produced using a similar technique to the one that has been utilised in viscose fibres for decades, but the Finnish project leads state that the new production method is not toxic in comparatively and more cost effective from a water and energy use perspective.