In the 21st century, product and material choices hold greater importance than ever before. There is an informed and growing awareness of the problems faced by a finite supply of resources, including wood, metals and petroleum-based plastics. Furthermore, significant health concerns are being recognised related to toxic additives and VOC’s
Germany is a net waste importer. And the country has not created new landfills for the past decade. The European Environment Agency has praised Germany in particular for its municipal waste recycling. But while everyone agrees that German waste management is better than landfills, it is not always circular. Instead
Developing countries have not benefited from the linear economy; the economy in which goods are manufactured from raw materials, sold, used, and then discarded as waste. They have poor access to cheap goods to improve the quality of life of their populations. They do not take advantage from the extraction
In wastewater treatment plants in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Denmark, something unusual has been, and continues to happen. Anoxkaldnes, a subsidiary of Veolia, is running pilot prototyping for the production and recovery of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) – an intermediate material used to produce bioplastics.
Real economics is the study of how people transform nature to meet their needs…Neoclassical economics is inconsistent with the laws of thermodynamics. Charles Hall, SUNY, an ecologist by training. It’s not news of course. Frederick Soddy, another outsider (an escapee from physics and chemistry and a Nobel Prize winner) spent
The circular economy is often discussed in terms of the opportunities for new business models and to design new products and services. However, intuitively, the opportunities for an effective and prosperous transition would be significantly enhanced by national and regional governmental policy that supports and enables positive economic change. That
Read Circulate’s exclusive preview of Ken Webster’s recently released book, The Circular Economy: A Wealth of Flows. The extract below is the beginning of the ninth chapter “The Regenerative Biological Cycle – At Scale”.
The importance of design in business has become more apparent in the past decade or so. The well-known story of Apple will spring to mind for many, but this has undoubtedly been a much broader trend, as Fast Company explained in 2012: “Innovation today is inextricably linked with design
What would Europe’s economy look like if it underwent a paradigm shift and transitioned to a circular economy? How would it impact growth, jobs, resource, energy use and CO2 emissions? What does it mean for ordinary households? Those questions have been addressed in a new report, “Growth Within: a circular
Over the course of evolution, ecosystems have perfected their strategies for long-term prosperity, in particular by balancing efficiency with what makes systems resilient to perturbations. After over four billion years of natural selection and adaptiveness, the living world has found the sweet spot for durability, which is a universal characteristic